By Caitlin Hunter and Heidi Radunovich, PhDCreative Commons Licensing [Flickr, 140402-A-OP735-271, April 2, 2014] retrieved on September 10, 2015Survivors of Military Sexual Trauma (MST) often have high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder and other psychiatric problems. However, according to attachment theory, caretaker response (especially maternal response) to the needs of their child can greatly influence future adjustment, even in the case of traumatic childhood events. But can high levels of maternal care following child sexual abuse serve as a protective factor in the event of MST in adulthood? A study of 197 veterans previously deployed to Afghanistan/Iraq, 86% of whom served in the Army, found approximately 21% of participants reported experiencing sexual abuse in childhood, and 14% reported MST . Results suggested that veterans who experienced sexual abuse in childhood were more likely than non-abused veterans to experience MST. However, childhood sexual abuse only showed a significant association with MST when maternal care during childhood was low. Among veterans who experienced childhood sexual abuse, rates of reported MST were significantly higher among those who reported low levels of maternal care (43%) compared with those who reported high levels of maternal care (11%).The major finding of this study is that higher levels of maternal care might serve as a protective factor for those at risk for MST based on a history of child sexual abuse. However, the presence of child sexual abuse and low levels of maternal care might be indicative of an overall adverse childhood environment, with multiple risk factors that could contribute to victimization in adulthood. Veterans who reported childhood sexual abuse and high levels of maternal care might have been brought up in an environment with less risk factors for future victimization.Overall, this research highlights the importance of improving relationships between parents and children, particularly in situations involving child abuse. Of course, while maintaining supportive relationships is necessary in healing after a traumatic event, it is also critical to focus on ways to prevent sexual abuse from occurring at all, both during childhood and in the military setting.References Wilson, L. C., Kimbrel, N. A., Meyer, E. C., Young, K. A., & Morissette, S. B. (2015). Do child abuse and maternal care interact to predict military sexual trauma? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(4), 378-386. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22143This post was written by Caitlin Hunter & Heidi Radunovich, PhD, members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn.
By Carol ChurchIn our first installment, we went over the definition of a side hustle and their pros and cons. Today, we’ll review considerations military spouses will want to keep in mind when deciding how to make this situation work for them.Here are some questions military spouses may want to ask themselves:Photospin/Monkey Business ImagesWhat are my needs?Is the spouse looking for a position with extremely flexible hours, or can hours be more set? Do they need to make “good money,” or is a lower-paid job okay? Do they want a “passion project,” or just something to pay bills or build a nest egg?What are my personal assets and liabilities?Can they self start and motivate all on their own, or would it best to have someone else lead? Does the family have funds available upfront to start a business and purchase materials, or do they need something that is cost-free?What skills do I have to offer?It’s common to start out by thinking, “What can I do that’s similar to other jobs I’ve had?” But spouses should think outside of this particular box, brainstorming all their marketable skills and abilities. Regardless of whether you’ve earned money at it (so far), think about everything you know you’re good at or that people have told you you’re good at.Photospin/Mykola LunovDo’s and Don’ts for SuccessAfter coming up with a plan or business model, military spouses will still have a lot of work to do and some important caveats to keep in mind. Here are some do’s and don’ts for side hustles.Do research taxes and legalities.Although some side jobs will be typical as far as taxes (that is, the employer withholds), others will be a very different matter. Those who are self employed will need to pay taxes to cover Social Security and Medicare. Typically, they will also need to pay estimated taxes ahead of time. However, they will benefit from deductions related to the cost of running a business.Don’t forget also that spouses who live in military housing may have restrictions as far what they can run or operate from home. If working overseas, many other laws may apply.Do remember to market Never assume that “if you build it, they will come.” Those in business for themselves need to market themselves. At times, it may be wise to pay someone to help with this.Don’t fall for a scam“Earn 15,000 per month at home in your pajamas! No experience necessary!” Sound familiar? There are many scams out there targeting those who want to work from a home or start a business. Here are some potential warning signs of a scam that you may wish to pass along:Requires a deposit for training, access to information, “processing”, etc.: This is something to be wary of.Markets itself as something “anyone can do” with “no experience” yet there is “mass earning potential”: If it’s so easy and lucrative, why isn’t everyone doing it?Has poor reviews online: Research companies first at the Better Business Bureau. What do others say?Sounds too good to be true: It probably is.Do take advantage of social networksContacts and social networks are hugely important resources. Work seekers may discover that someone else they know is running the same type of business, or has wisdom to offer on the idea they’re considering. Those who are new to the area or who feel their social circle is small should consider attending Meetups, volunteering, or joining a professional or military network.Don’t expect instant successA self-owned business typically takes some time to take off. They may need to be patient for a while before seeing results. If this is not financially sustainable, they should seek a different opportunity.But: Do know when to move onIt’s easy for many to charge too little for services or to put in extra hours that are uncompensated. Of course, for most, there may be a startup period with low profits. But after a few months, it’s important that they be honest about earnings per hour. Is it sustainable?Do consider dedicating earnings to a specific goalWhat’s the financial goal of this venture? Are they looking to pay off debt, save for a house or car, or put more into retirement or college funds? Rather than sending earnings into the general pot, consider directing them to a specific account. This can really help workers to stay motivated, and prevent them from simply raising their standard of living because of the “extra money.”Don’t forget about retirementUnlike many “regular” jobs, most side hustles are not going to do this for you, so they’ll need to keep this in mind and set aside some of the funds.In our next installment, we’ll offer a list of side hustle ideas and their pros and cons.
Panasonic’s professional grade DVX200 camcorder offers high-res and high-fps.Last year, Panasonic made a huge splash with their announcement of the wildly popular GH4. This year they’ve decided to release a camera that’s significantly different, but nonetheless important — the AG-DVX200 4K.The AG-DVX200 4KThe AG-DVX200 4K (commonly known as the DVX200) is an all-in-one camcorder designed with professionals in mind. The camera has a ton of great features that modern filmmakers and videographers will appreciate. Most notably, the camera is able to record in native 4K and UHD. While you can only record in 24p in 4K, when you are shooting in UHD you can record up to 60p in MP4 or MOV file formats.Photo via News ShooterThe DVX200 uses a 4/3″ MOS sensor to record up to 120fps in FHD. Instead of having interchangeable lenses, the camera has a Leica zoom lens which shoots in 28mm-365mm, 35 equivalent focal length. The lens features an aperture of f/2.8-f/4.5.The camera has all the major features you’ve come to love about the DVX100, like adjustable zoom rings, internal ND filters, and manual iris control. However, the DVX200 has enhanced stabilization in the form of a 5-axis built-in stabilizer that has a “4x correction-area Image Stabilizer.” This technology is very similar to that found in the a7II. On the front of the camera lens, users will be able to attach lens filters via 72mm groove rings. No test footage has hit the internet yet, but we’re very interested to see how the footage from the DVX-200 looks. Panasonic described the bokeh as “subtle,” which might be another word for saying the depth of field isn’t great, but we’ll see.The following video from NAB 2015 reveals a few details about the new DVX-200.This video was created by the good people at No Film School. Pricing and AvailabilityThe DVX200 will be available in Fall of 2015 for under $5,000.Want to read more about the DVX200? Check out a few of the following resources:NAB 2015: Panasonic AG-DVX200 4K Handheld 4/3″ Camera – NewsShooterPanasonic Reveals Their New Large Sensor 4K Handheld Camera, the AG-DVX200 – NoFilmSchoolThe Panasonic DVX200 – 4K Large-Sensor Camcorder – Cinema 5DWhat do you think about the new AG-DVX200 4K? Share your thoughts in the comments below. Dynamic Range Up to 12 Stops While style points don’t really matter when it comes to the final image, it should be noted that the camera looks incredibly awesome. With a carbon-fiber finish and red metallic details, the camera looks awesomely impressive.AG-DVX200 4K Specs Frame Rate 24 at 4K, Up to 60 at UHD/HD Color Carbon Fiber with Red Monitoring Built-In Display Cards 2 SD Card Slots Lens Mount Built-in Lens Audio 2-Stereo XLR Inputs Sensor 4/3″ Large-Format MOS Compression MP4 or MOV Resolution Up to 4K (4096×2160)
Here’s the easiest way to find where you’ve used a clip in Premiere Pro CC 2015.Sometimes you need to be able to find a specific single clip in a large project or check that a clip has been replaced in every timeline you’re working in. Thankfully this is really easy to achieve in Premiere Pro. With this quick tip you’ll be able to find and jump to these specific places in no time at all.Why might you need to do this?You might need to do this when replacing temporary stock shots with the real, full-resolution footage or when you are replacing an old client logo with a new one. This is particularly useful when you have many sequences which all contain slight, but distinct, variations of the same edit. Maybe you need to find a specific shot in a timeline, but you can’t quite remember which one it’s in. So instead of rummaging around for ages, just do the following simple steps.Find Where a Clip is Used in Your Premiere Pro ProjectThere’s actually a couple of different ways to find where a specific clip has been used in Premiere Pro. We’ll go through both options, as they’re equally useful in different contexts.To find a clip when you know what the shot looks like from the camera original format of 00100.MTS, but you’re not sure of the clip name (like in the footage above that hasn’t been renamed), go to the bin where you think it might be and double click it to open it up into a new window.Turn on thumbnail view by pressing the icon highlighted above to view all your clips as video images and locate your clip.Click on the video or audio usage icons (depending on which element you’re looking for) to bring up a list of all the places where the clip has been used in your project. This shows the name of the timeline, followed by the clip name, followed by the timecode of every in point of that clip. So in the list above, you can see four instances of 00186.MTS in the ‘Cut Aways Grouped’ timeline.Click on an item in the list to open that timeline with the playhead at that specific timecode.Another Way To Find Clips in PremiereThere is another way to find where a clip has been used in your project and this method is much more useful when you know the name of the specific clip you are looking for. First of all, we’re going to right click (Ctrl+click on a Mac) on the properties bar at the top of the Project Panel to bring up the Metadata Display configuration window.This window allows you to select which metadata fields are displayed in the Project Panel in Premiere Pro CC 2015. We’re interested in the “turn on the Video Usage and Audio Usage columns.”In the Project Panel, scroll to the right to find the Video and Audio Usage metadata columns for the clip you are looking for.In this case, 00186.MTS. If you didn’t even know where the clip was to be found in the project’s bins and folders, you could simply type its name into the search box in the top left corner of the Project Panel.Next, click on the Video Usage disclosure triangle next to the number (which is telling you how many times the clip has been used across the project) to bring up the familiar list of places where the clip is to be found.In the image above you can see in the timeline where clip 00186.MTS has had a cut made in it which has produced the first three Cut Aways Grouped:00186.MTS In Points in the list, all with fairly close timecodes at 01:51:05, 01:51:08 and 01:51:12. So the list will show you every instance of an edit in that clip.Looking for a few more Premiere Pro tips? We’ve got ’em.Print Your Own Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcuts!How to Batch Export Clips in Premiere ProCreate Quick and Easy Vignettes in Premiere ProGot any go-to tricks that make working in Premiere Pro easier? Let us know in the comments below!
Here’s a look at the insights Mid90s director Jonah Hill has learned from filmmaking greats like Martin Scorsese, Spike Jonze, and Seth Rogen.Fresh off the Mid90s world premiere at Toronto International Film Festival, Jonah Hill brought his debut feature to Fantastic Fest in Austin, Texas so genre-film fans could check out his cinematic ode to 1990s skateboarding culture. Mid90s, which is being released by A24 in October, completes a surprising career transition for Hill, who has transformed from the snarky funny man in Superbad and Grandma’s Boy to serious actor and filmmaker with recent films like Moneyball, The Wolf of Wall Street, and the new Netflix series Maniac.While his career trajectory has been unique, he’s quick to point out that his experiences have been the best film school any aspiring filmmaker could want. Speaking to Fantastic Fest audiences after the film’s screening in Austin, Hill shared some of the insights he’s gleaned from filmmaking greats like Scorsese and others.Don’t Be Afraid of the WideMid90s begins with an unassuming static wide shot looking down a long hallway in an uninspiring family home. You hear the sounds of commotion offscreen before two characters smash into the frame and up against a wall. We’re introduced to Stevie, the film’s star (played by Sunny Suljic) and his abusive older brother Ian (played by Lucas Hedges) — the latter in full pursuit of the former for sneaking into his room.This opening, Hill explained during the Q&A after the film, was a direct suggestion from Martin Scorsese. Hill, who starred in Scorsese’s Wolf of Wall Street, sought out advice from the filmmaking legend and was surprised to get a personal workshop session that lasted more than four hours. Scorsese pushed Hill to not be afraid, and to embrace the wide, in his debut project. The opening shot was his personal recommendation for introducing the audience to the lead characters and some of the innate violence in the film.The Plot GameWhen you’ve worked as studiously as Hill has over the years (he’s averaged roughly a staggering four movies a year since 2006), you get great opportunities to meet and collaborate with some of the best. In one piece of filmmaking advice, which every aspiring writer should implement, Hill shared some insights from writer and director Spike Jonze, who won an Oscar for his screenplay for Her in 2013.Hill described a game that he and Jonze would play together when they were working on a script for an unfinished project. It’s an exercise in plot, wherein he and Jonze would take turns describing the plots of some of their favorite films. It sounds like a simple task, but as Hill explains, it helped teach him how to see and communicate direction and vision. You can’t film what you can’t visualize. It was an exercise Hill would repeat often to help himself finalize his vision for Mid90s, which is a difficult task for a first-time director.Find Your Own VoiceLike Hill, several actors and comedians in the past year have made the transition from in front of the camera to behind it. Bo Burnham, with his critical darling Eighth Grade, and Paul Dano, with Wildlife, both come to mind, as they — like Hill — have leveraged their years of experience to create their own unique voices.Mid90s doesn’t feel like a Scorsese film, or a Jonze film, or a Seth Rogen comedy. (If anything, it feels closer to Larry Clark and Harmony Korine’s Kids, which Hill cites as a major influence — Mid90s even features a cameo by Korine.) Instead, it feels like an authentic, slice-of-life look at a specific experience in a particular time and place. This is something Hill worked hard to capture, and he disconnected himself from his personal cinema upbringing to do so.For aspiring filmmakers, writers, and directors, film’s like Mid90s are great case-studies for how to bring about a first-time feature — and how to establish a new voice. While Hill may not have gone to a proper film school, he used the resources at his disposal and his own experiences to challenge his own filmmaking growth. We may not all have Martin Scorsese, Spike Jonze, and Seth Rogen as mentors, but we do all have resources within reach we can use for projects of our own. It just takes the drive, which Hill mentions again and again, to keep creating.All images by Jack Plunkett (via Fantastic Fest).To explore some filmmaking resources of your own, check out some of these interviews and articles.Making a Short Film With Little to No Crew: The AftermathInterview: Daniel Levin, DP of Rest in Power: The Trayvon Martin StoryA Look at The Masterclass Sound Editing of “A Quiet Place”Interview: How Filmmaker Jessica Sanders Brought a Tiny Person into a Big WorldInsights into the State of the Music Video Production Industry
Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now Great ideas are all around you. Steal them and make them your own.Steal Ideas from Sales Letters and EmailsDon’t throw away the sales letters or delete the sales emails that are delivered to your inbox. Read every one of them before you hit the delete key or toss them in the garbage. When you find great sales language in a letter or an email, write it down and modify to fit your needs.Steal Language from Other People’s Sales CallWhen you go on a sales call with another sales person (or your sales manager), listen to the words they use and the ideas they share. While you are taking notes, shamelessly steal any good language they use so you can add it to your repertoire.When a salesperson calls on you, notice what they do that works for you and what doesn’t work. Ask yourself why whatever they’re doing is effective or ineffective. Then apply that thinking to your own sales game, looking for some small, valuable way you might improve by copping what was effective.Read with the Intention of Appropriating IdeasYou have countless opportunities to read. There are great business books and magazine everywhere. And the Internet is a fire hose of ideas, including some excellent ideas ready-made for your appropriation.Most of the time when we read, we think an idea is good, we nod in agreement, and we browse on. Instead read with the intention of finding a good idea that you can use in your sales practice. Appropriate that idea by writing it down, along with how and when you intend to use it. (I keep an Evernote notebook of ideas worth stealing and implementing).You are literally surrounded by great ideas. They come into your life daily. But most of the time you fail to take notice or ignore these ideas. Capture the great ideas that you come across and use them to develop your own sales game. In sales, things are either effective or ineffective (not right or wrong). Take what works.QuestionsWhere do you find good ideas?Where are there good ideas you might be overlooking?Do you seek out ideas you can appropriate for you own use? Or do you just nod and forget all about them?When you read, do you read to capture and act on the ideas that might work for you?
Here is a really easy way to improve your performance as a leader or a manager.Your Best ManagerRemember the best manager you ever worked for?Do you remember how that manager made you feel about yourself? Do you remember how they helped you understand what you were capable of and the value that you could create?Your best manager made you feel good—or great—about yourself and your work. They made you feel that you could accomplish your goals, and they helped you grow. They had a positive impact on your life beyond the results you produced at work.You knew that your best manager (or boss) cared about you as a person, not as some cog in a wheel. When they challenged you to grow, it came from a good place.Your Worst ManagerRemember the worst manager you ever worked for? Do you remember how they made you feel about yourself? They made you feel that you were incompetent or stupid. They didn’t help you to see that you could be or do more, did they?Your worst manager made you feel bad about yourself. They did nothing to help you grow, mostly because they were threatened by your growth. Who knows, if you grew bigger, someone might recognize how small they were and reveal them as an impostor.Your worst manager treated you like a transaction, like a means to an end, and not an end in of itself. They didn’t value you, and they made sure you knew it.They Manager They NeedThere is a difference between a manager and a leader. A great manager is also a great leader. And great leaders serve their people.If you think back to the person who had the most positive impact on your life as a manager or leader, you know that they cared about you, they saw something in you that you didn’t yet recognize, and they pushed you to grow.If you think back to your worst manager or leader, you will remember that they didn’t care about you as a person, they weren’t at all concerned by your growth (and were most likely threatened by it), and they allowed you to be less than you were capable of. They may have even neglected you.What did you learn from your best manager or leader that you should immediately adopt into the way you lead and serve your team?What did your worst manager teach you that you want to avoid repeating?What does each individual member of your team need from you now? Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now
People don’t want you to cold call them. They don’t want to be interrupted while they are heads down working. They especially don’t want you to try to engage them in a discovery call that they haven’t agreed to. But there isn’t a faster way to generate new opportunities.People also don’t want to accept your LinkedIn request and then receive your self-oriented pitch two seconds later. You like this form of interruption better because it allows you to avoid conflict. It provides the illusion of prospecting.There’s a reason your prospects allow their phone calls to go to their email. They don’t like the conflict that comes with saying “no” to your request for an appointment. They ask you to email them so they don’t have to tell you “no,” depriving you of the opportunity to ask questions or ask again for the commitment you need.You make things difficult for yourself when you agree to allow the people you are trying to help live behind their email. You make it worse when you live behind email. Two people avoiding each other because they are afraid of the smallest amount of conflict does not a deal make.When you lose an opportunity, it’s difficult for your prospect to tell you that you lost. They’ll almost certainly will tell you that they were impressed and that the decision came down to price. If only you could have sharpened your pencil. It is easier to have a conversation about something that was out of your control than it is to tell you that they knew, liked, and trusted someone more than they liked you.Selling is conversations and commitments. Like most human endeavors, there is some inherent small amount of conflict. The real danger isn’t in engaging in the small conflict that can occur as you pursue a deal. The real danger is avoiding that conflict. Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now
Newly elected city Deputy Mayor and senior Republican Party of India (Athawale) leader, Navnath Kamble succumbed to a massive heart seizure on Tuesday morning.According to preliminary reports, Mr. Kamble was out for a morning stroll when he suffered a heart attack at around 8 a.m.He was rushed to the Ruby Hall clinic for treatment where he passed away.Mr. Kamble, who began his political career with the Dalit Panthers movement, was a mainstay of his party’s unit in Pune, winning as a corporator for the first time in 1997.He also served as the RPI (A)’s Pune unit president for a while.Mr. Kamble was elected as deputy Mayor in March this year following the Bharatiya Janata Party’s unprecedented win in the Pune Municipal Corporation civic poll. The saffron party snared 98 of the 162 seats in the civic body. Ramdas Athawale’s RPI (A) had supported the BJP in the crucial PMC poll, contesting on the BJP’s party symbol. For their support, the BJP had conceded the deputy mayor’s post to their smaller constituent in the NDA fold.
PANAJI: Goa BJP president Vinay Tendulkar on Friday won the Rajya Sabha seat from the State by defeating Congress MP Shantaram Naik.Mr. Tendulkar received 21 votes from the BJP and ruling alliance members and the lone NCP legislator, Churchill Alemao, while Mr. Naik got 16 votes from the Congress.All 38 MLAs of the truncated 40-member State Legislative Assembly earlier in the day cast their vote for the Rajya Sabha seat, which falls vacant on July 28. Speaking to reporters, BJP Minister Francis D’Souza said “There may be cross-voting here too, if cross-voting has happened (in the presidential polls).” However, the results did not show any cross voting in the Rajya Sabha election. Mr. Tendulkar later thanked Mr. Alemao for voting for him. He said the win was expected. “Now we have won across all levels in Goa — in panchayats, zilla parishads, Assembly and now Parliamentary elections,” he told reporters. ‘Didn’t get secular votes’Leader of Opposition Chandrakant Kavlekar said the Congress had failed to attract secular votes from the BJP allies, which led to the loss. “We had appealed to MLAs with secular credentials to come out and vote for our candidate, but there was no response, if one goes by the votes,” he said. Mr. Kavlekar, however, seemed relieved that after the cross-voting in the Presidential election earlier this week, the Congress managed to keep all its votes intact.
As many as 15 persons had been gunned down in police encounters in Uttar Pradesh since the BJP government came to power in the State earlier this year, marking an aggressive stance against criminals.Nine of the 15 alleged criminals were killed in Western U.P.’s Meerut zone alone. The highest number was in the sensitive district of Shamli with four, followed by three in Azamgarh and two each in Muzaffarnagar and Saharanpur. The remaining were in Chitrakoot, Lucknow, Mathura and Hapur.The data, released by the police, was collected from March 20 — a day after the Yogi Adityanath government took oath — till September 14.The latest encounter took place in Azamgarh on Thursday when police gunned down one Ramji Pasi, in the busy Ramganj Bazar area. Pasi, wanted in many crimes, had a reward of ₹15,000 on his head. According to police, the accused on being surrounded, shot at the police team, injuring one constable.“Pasi was injured in retaliatory firing and died in hospital. His aide Rakesh Pasi escaped,” a police spokesperson said.A .30 bore pistol was recovered from Pasi.Anand Kumar, ADG Law and Order, said the police action has rattled criminals.The encounters were conducted in the interest of society as per the “desires of the government, expectations of public and according to the constitutional and legal power accorded to the police,” he said.Maurya’s statementIn an interview to The Hindu in June, Deputy CM Keshav Prasad Maurya had indicated strong action against criminals. “Today criminals are terrified with the thought that either they will have to give up crime or leave U.P., or maybe even leave this world,” Mr. Maurya had said when asked about the BJP government’s strategy to deal with cases of crime.The BJP government’s approach is reminiscent of the tough stand against criminals showcased by former CM Kalyan Singh.The encounters left 84 injured with the highest being in Meerut (40), followed by Bareilly (18) and Agra (11) besides 88 policemen. Two were killed in shootouts, the most recent one in Chitrakoot.In total, 420 encounters were recorded with the highest 193 in Meerut zone, 84 in Agra, 60 in Bareilly, 44 in Kanpur, 19 in Allahabad, 11 in Varanasi, 7 in Lucknow and the lowest two in Gorakhpur zone, which includes the home turf of Mr. Adityanath.Since March 20, 1,106 accused had been arrested, including 868 ‘rewarded criminals’ or those with a bounty.The police also invoked the National Security Act 54 times and the Gangsters Act 69 times since March 20.
Over 10,000 applications of migrants from Pakistan’s Hindu community seeking long-term visas (LTV) are pending, the Rajasthan High Court was informed. Taking serious note of the deficiencies and disposal of the applications, the high court on Thursday ordered removal of all deficiencies in the LTV applications within two weeks from the date of the order and submit a report in the court before the next hearing on January 19. The court, which, on December 14, asked the state government to file a report on pending citizenship cases of the Pakistani Hindu migrants, also directed the Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO) to upload the notification on the concerned web-portal. The FRRO was also asked to hold camps at appropriate places and remove all the deficiencies in the forms in the presence of the applicants, amicus curiae and the divisional- level committee constituted by the state. Out of the pending applications, 2,716 applications have already been forwarded to the Union Home ministry, whereas 4,912 pleas are pending before the state government. The applications pending at the FRRO level in the state are as 2,418. On September 22, the court had issued the directions that the applications submitted offline for grant of LTV or citizenship by migrants from Pakistan belonging to minority communities shall be positively considered as far as possible within a period of 60 days from the date of order. But, amicus curiae Kamal Joshi told the court that neither the corrections were done nor the applicants and the divisional-level committee were informed about the deficiencies in the forms.
In a scathing attack on the Bharatiya Janata Party, Delhi Chief minister and Aam Aadmi Party national convenor Arvind Kejriwal on Friday called it a party of “traitors, backstabbers and riot instigators”.Addressing a public meeting in Sindhkhed Raja town in Buldhana district, the birthplace of Maharashtra’s revered warrior king Chhatrapati Shivaji’s mother Jijabai, the Delhi CM also came down heavily on the Devendra Fadnavis government.‘Triggering riots’“Shivaji and (social reformer Jyotiba) Phule worked towards unification of all castes and religions. They gave a message of unity. But in Bhima-Koregaon ( recently) the RSS-BJP attacked the Dalits. The BJP is a party of riot instigators. They make one caste fight against another, one religious group fight against another. The BJP has only one religion and it is to trigger riots to continue its rule,” Mr. Kejriwal alleged.Recollecting a recent conversation with a BJP leader, Mr. Kejriwal said, “I asked the BJP man about his party’s work. He man replied that they don’t need work. He told me that his party will instigate riots before 2019 elections and win the elections.”“It is their (RSS-BJP) formula. The British could rule our country by using the divide and rule strategy and Pakistan also wanted to see India a divided nation. For 70 years, Pakistan could not succeed in its plans to divide India but the BJP has achieved it in only three years,” he said.He then asked the people to decide what they want. “If you want riots, the vote for BJP but if you want schools, hospitals, employment and other developments then throw these parties away,” he added.Criticising the government for the closure of state-run schools, the Delhi CM said, “It is sad that in the land where the first school for women and Dalits came up, over 1000 government-run schools are being closed. [Devendra] Fadnavis government says it can’t run these schools and wants to give it to private players. How can a party, which can’t run schools, run a government? We have revolutionised government-run schools in Delhi. Our budget it only ₹40,000 crore. Maharashtra has a budget of ₹3,00,000 crore. Where did all the money go? The money went in scams. Everywhere you see in Maharashtra, you witness a scam.” He accused the Chief Minister of rampant corruption and demanded his resignation.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands endure severe inadequacies in intra-island transport, telecom, electricity, potable water and garbage disposal. Healthcare infrastructure is far from perfect. Nevertheless, a measure of confidence is inspired by the bustling sprawl of the G.B. Pant Medical College and Hospital in Port Blair, the referral medical institution for all the islands. This is where Dr. Shah is Deputy Director-Ophthalmology. The airy and clean B.J.R. Hospital in Car Nicobar, which she visits regularly, is one of two such district-level facilities.Dr. Shah had to tenaciously follow up for over two years to mobilise support for the ‘Trachoma Rapid Assessment (TRA) in Nicobar 2010’ survey by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences’ (AIIMS), Dr. R. P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences (RPCOS), New Delhi, and the Directorate of Health Services (DHS), Port Blair, with backing from the NPCB, Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. “Islands are easily forgotten,” she says matter-of-factly.In a far cornerThe Nicobar archipelago is separated from the Andaman cluster by the Ten Degree Channel, a minor international shipping route named so for its latitude north of the equator. The Indian Ocean tsunami arrived here at 7 a.m., roughly 40 minutes after the earthquake off the coast of Sumatra, and two hours before it reached the subcontinent’s southeastern coast. Car Nicobar, part of the Nicobar and Andaman Tribal Reserve Area and ringed by 51 km of silvery beaches, is approximately 1,450 km from mainland India.In Car Nicobar, the disused iron bridge in Kimious stands as forlorn evidence of the devastation. As a percentage of the total population, in India, the Nicobar Islands lost the most lives in the tsunami. The villages of Malaka and Kakana had the highest casualties. Mus was cut off by a subsidence of land and the pooling of backwater in several places. Tribespeople from Sawai, Arong and Teatop were pushed into the forests at the centre of the island, where they survived for a week without food or water before evacuation. They were moved out of overcrowded relief camps in Port Blair and elsewhere in the islands and resettled in Car Nicobar nearly two years after the tsunami. Dr. Shah’s surgical outreach began after their return.Two teams investigated Dr. Shah’s concerns by examining 7,277 inhabitants of 10 clusters selected for the highest risk of developing trachoma. The TRA found a very active trachoma infection rate of 50.8% in children aged 1-9 years, with the proportion of infected children in the surveyed villages ranging from 37.5% to 73%.“We were shocked and surprised by the magnitude of the trachoma burden in Car Nicobar,” says Dr. Praveen Vashist, Professor and Head, Community Ophthalmology Department, RPCOS, AIIMS, who made four trips to the island over the course of the project. “I did not realise that the location was so difficult to reach. An MDA covering an entire tribal population in a remote location was a first for India. It was a different experience for us. Active trachoma infections in children occur without any symptoms. If they are not treated, they lead to irreversible blindness in adulthood. We found that, due to the tsunami, there were no children under the age of six in Kimious village.”Trachoma occurs upon repeated infections from the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It thrives in congested living conditions among populations that have limited access to water and healthcare. It is transmitted by flies, and aided by poor personal hygiene and fomites (shared objects such as towels, utensils and bedding, which are likely to carry the infection). The 2010 TRA also notes, “Co-habitation of Nicobari people with animals like pigs, hens, goats, dogs, cats etc. could be a contributory risk factor.”Going the distanceDoctors travelled for the MDA by helicopters with few seats. Services were often called off in uncertain weather. There is no scheduled ferry to Car Nicobar and administrative personnel posted here face frequent shortages in the supply of basic groceries, including vegetables, which come from Port Blair. Dosage had to be measured individually (20 mg per kilo of body weight). Dispersed neighbourhoods were covered simultaneously to prevent the recurrence of infections. It was tedious and tiring work.Dr. Vashist says: “The local team led by Dr. Shah was exceptional. Our work was made easier by the friendly Nicobarese people. We only had to explain to the chiefs, and the villagers would follow the instructions.” Each of the 15 villages in Car Nicobar, distributed over 127 sq. km, elects a ‘Captain’ for a five-year term. Blair is the head of their council for his lifetime. The operation to treat trachoma is quick and is performed under local anaesthesia as a day-case procedure. Patients can get back to work very quickly (a point emphasised before surgery, since lost working time is a major concern for them). The risk of wound infection is relatively low because of the good blood supply of the eyelid and therefore surgery can be performed in patients’ own villages.The medical team set up slide shows on the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) SAFE (Surgery for trichiasis, Antibiotics for infections, Facial cleanliness, and Environmental improvement) guidelines in schools and community halls, and at venues near churches, such as the rebuilt chapel in Mus, a pilgrimage site that has the grave of Bishop John Richardson, after whom the district hospital in Car Nicobar is named.The late Padma Bhushan awardee was the first Nicobarese to be ordained an Anglican priest. He’s credited with establishing the village councils and authoring a primer on the Car language, into which he also translated the Bible. Blair has Bishop Richardson’s laminated photo in his living room.“Public health initiatives cannot succeed without the support of local communities,” says Dr. Promila Gupta, Deputy Director General, NPCB, adding that blindness comes with considerable economic costs in terms of livelihoods lost.Blind curveWell over half a century ago, from 1959 to 1963, trachoma was a major public health problem in three States — Punjab (79.1% occurrence), Rajasthan (74.2%) and Uttar Pradesh (68.1%) — show data from NPCB. The National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in 1976. The flagship Central government initiative emanated from what was originally the Trachoma Control Programme of 1963. It no longer lists the disease as among the leading causes of blindness in India, which today are cataract (62.6%) and refractive error (19.70%). The trachoma outbreak in Car Nicobar has been the only recent exception.“On the days we had asked everyone in a village to be present, we would sometimes work till 9 in the night,” says Yashumeri, 34, a cheerful staff nurse at the B.J.R. Hospital. Team members recall being welcomed with sweet tender coconut water everywhere they went. The Nicobarese call themselves holchu (friend), although the term can be used pejoratively by the islands’ settlers.Yashumeri’s familiarity with the area came in handy when refrigerators had to be commandeered to maintain the tricky cold chain for liquid azithromycin, a broad-spectrum antibiotic that had to be transported from mainland India to Car Nicobar. A tablet substitute was eventually found for the second round of the MDA programme in 2011.Meticulously maintained registers list absentee and sick residents (for follow-ups), pregnant women (who were not included), and deaths. “If someone missed a dosage, we would return to make sure they took it,” says John James, 44, the first Nicobarese ophthalmic assistant on the island.“I was so nervous when a prevalence survey was conducted in 2013, after the third round of MDA,” admits Dr. Shah, who was hugely relieved to find that the active trachoma infection in children was down to 6.8% from the 50.8% that it was in 2010. This was, however, still above the 5% allowed by the WHO. Meanwhile, patients who had got their vision back and were free from pain began asking for eye drops. They took delight in how big their eyes suddenly appeared. ICE (information, communication, education) outreach and eyelid correction surgeries continue even now.Trachoma is “hyperendemic in many of the poorest and most rural areas of 41 countries of Africa, Central and South America, Asia, Australia and the Middle East,” says the WHO, which has been pushing the GET 2020 (Global Elimination of Trachoma by 2020) alliance since 1996. India is a partner. When Car Nicobar was again assessed in February 2017, trachoma prevalence was down to 1.6%.India moved to apply for ‘trachoma-free’ status over a meeting with WHO officials on January 11, 2018, after the release of the National Trachoma Prevalence Survey 2014-17 by Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J. P. Nadda in Delhi on December 8, 2017. The survey covered 10 districts from seven States and Union Territories, among them East Delhi, Bikaner, Banaskantha and Car Nicobar. It shows that the overall prevalence of active infection among children below nine years is only 0.7%. “We expect to meet the 2020 target,” Dr. Vashist says.Eye on the futureTime moves differently on Car Nicobar. The roar of the ocean is audible as a small group of men and women work silently. They are preparing the soil outside an (also prefabricated) elpanam or ‘death house’, next to a modest cemetery with a handful of crosses on cement platforms. The community gets involved in funerary tasks as it does with wedding festivities and shared parenting, the latter a custom known as haruk, which ensures that no child is orphaned. Access to Car Nicobar is highly restricted under the Andaman and Nicobar (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Regulation, 1956, and provides some protection to indigenous ways of life.The 2004 tsunami was not the first to devastate the islands: patchy records exist for major earthquakes in 1847, 1881 and 1941, and another tsunami that originated in Sumatra in 1861. But the last one has altered life here.The Central government adopted a one-size-fits-all rehabilitation policy to build nearly 10,000 twin (instead of freestanding) homes across 11 islands. Reinforced cement concrete, aero-con blocks and corrugated galvanised iron sheets imported by large contractors from mainland India at an average cost of ₹10 lakh per unit replaced locally sourced, natural building materials. Not enough thought was given to subsistence-specific locations, gender-sensitive land rights, natural ventilation suited to the tropical weather, and the ability to effect repairs with local materials.On the white-sands Malaka beach, named for the strategic strait near Aceh in Indonesia, a lush jungle has already claimed what used to be, before the tsunami, beachfront residential quarters for Indian Air Force officers. The island is no longer a family station for them. Nicobarese leader Edward Kutchat, it is said, granted land for this airbase in exchange for the coat that Jawaharlal Nehru was wearing when they met sometime in the early 1960s.The sun rises as early as quarter past five even on a January morning, and lights up the pristine coastline. The scattered debris of plastic garbage washed up by the waves is not immediately obvious, quite like its environmental implications. Even the twinkle in Aberdeen Blair’s eyes will only hint at them. Dr. Shah, who appreciates his gentle way of speaking, never fails to visit the elder on her trips to the island.Blair’s ‘Prototype twin unit designed and constructed by Central Public Works Department’ is one of the 3,941 ‘permanent shelters’ allotted to Car Nicobar in 2006. Rendered frail by age, Blair is mostly confined indoors these days. He credits the doctors at B.J.R. Hospital with treating a fracture of the tibia and saving his life when he had a stroke, some years after his close call with trachoma and blindness. “Oh, I am very lucky,” he adds, his hand making a sweeping gesture that included his sofa, TV, Nicobarese Bible, and polite grandson serving tea in ceramic cups. “At least I have a place to live, you see?” The first woman ophthalmologist in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dr. Anita Shah, led a Mass Drug Administration project in Car Nicobar following the discovery of trachoma on the island. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement A narrow road winds past dense vegetation, idyllic beaches and rain-soaked villages glistening in sunshine. Along the way, profusely blooming pinwheelflowers frame prefab homes built on stilts in a likeness of their lost predecessors, the prized patis, which were handwoven with palm leaves, rattan and lalang grass.Goats bleat, pigs grunt and hens squawk around the dwellings that were once closer to the shore but were flattened, like nearly everything else here, on December 26, 2004. Local memory divides Car Nicobar’s long and sometimes violent history more simply now: before and after the tsunami.Aberdeen Blair (89), chief of the Car Nicobar Tribal Council, remembers more. “When I was small, we had no money, sugar or rice. We only had coconuts. My parents did not wear clothes like this,” he says, pointing to his lungi and T-shirt. Blair smiles as easily and often as he shifts between Nicobari, Hindi and English, and goes on to add, “I have jeans, too. Everything has changed.” The laminated certificates and photographs on the wall behind him document the highlights of such a lifetime.Nicobar is India’s southernmost district. Car Nicobar is its northernmost island and headquarters. The Nicobarese are the largest (numbering 27,186 in the 2011 Census), most urbanised, and most influential among the six better-known tribes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Their indigenous peers survive tenuously in the hundreds (Jarawas and Shompen) and tens (Great Andamanese, Onge and Sentinelese).Preventable blindnessOther numbers appear in fading paint on the walls of the houses here. ‘MDA’, it says, followed by a date, for three consecutive years — 2010, 2011 and 2012. Mass Drug Administration is the medical response to a public health concern that entails treating the entire population of a specified area with a prescribed dosage of pharmaceuticals.The first woman ophthalmologist in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dr. Anita Shah (55), led such a project in Car Nicobar following the discovery of a hyperendemic and active infection of trachoma on the island. Trachoma is a contagious and preventable cause of blindness, rarely seen in India since the 1950s and 1960s. Blair and his 21-member tu-het (extended matrilineal family units of up to 100 people) were among the over 1,500 recipients of the MDA programme in the village of Sawai (Öt-ka-sip in Nicobarese), west of the island.“When I held eye camps in 2008, I noticed a steady stream of trachomatous trichiasis [sight-threatening conjunctival scarring, for which Blair was later treated] cases in Car Nicobar. My generation of ophthalmologists has hardly ever seen trachoma, let alone treat it. Yet I kept meeting young people in their twenties who had their lashes growing inward and eyelids fused. They lived in great pain, in darkened homes because they couldn’t bear sunlight. I am a surgeon, not a community medicine specialist, but I knew a survey had to be taken up immediately,” says Dr. Shah, Joint Secretary in the National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) since 2008. She is a diminutive woman in the habit of providing precise instructions to her team, essential given the problems her location poses.
In a fresh incident, a statue of Bhimrao Ambedkar was found damaged on Thursday in Firozabad district of Uttar Pradesh.This comes despite strict instructions by Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath to district magistrates and district police chiefs to step up vigilance regarding the security of statues of popular icons and ensure communal harmony.The latest incident was reported from Nagla Nande village in Sirsaganj. The upper right portion of the standing statue and right shoulder were found disfigured.Police forces led by senior district officers rushed to the village located on the outskirts and calmed angry locals. The damaged statue was replaced with a fresh one by the police. An FIR was lodged in the case against unknown miscreants under Section 295 of the Indian Penal Code (injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the religion of any class).‘Politically motivated’Station House Officer, Sirsaganj, R. K. Dubey said that while no arrests had been made yet, he suspected the incident to be politically motivated. “There was no such atmosphere in the village. It seems like an act of mischief either by somebody who was drunk or by a person trying to vitiate the atmosphere in the current scenario to mobilise their people,” Mr. Dubey told The Hindu.The police have formed peace committees at the local level under the village pradhan to ensure security for the new statue.This the the third such incident in U.P. in a week and fifth since the Tripura Assembly election results when the razing of a statue of Lenin triggered a streak of attacks on other ideological icons.A statue of Ambedkar was found decapacitated in Allahabad while another had its right arm and nose cut off in Siddharthnagar last Friday. In March, Ambedkar statues were found vandalised in Meerut, Aligarh and Azamgarh districts.
Charge sheet reveals Kathua horror Congress president Rahul Gandhi on Thursday described the rape and killing of an 8-year-old girl in Kathua in January last as “unimaginable brutality” that cannot go unpunished, and wondered how anybody can seek to protect the culprits.On January 10, the minor, who belonged to the nomadic Bakerwal Muslim community, disappeared from a spot near her house close to Rasana village in Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir. A week later, her body was found in the same area.Also Read A special investigation team formed to probe the incident arrested eight people, including two Special Police Officers (SPOs) and a head constable, who was charged with destroying evidence.Jammu has been on tenterhooks since the rape and murder. The city’s bar association has opposed action against the accused and alleged that minority Dogras were being targeted. While the local local bar association held a bandh, the Valley saw protests demanding justice for the victim.Mr. Gandhi alleged that politics was being played over the crime. “How can anyone protect the culprits of such evil,” he asked, adding that the violence against the child was a crime against humanity. “It cannot go unpunished,” he said on Twitter. “What have we become if we allow politics to interfere with such unimaginable brutality perpetrated on an innocent child,” he said.
West Bengal State Election Commission (SEC) on Saturday held a meeting with 10 political parties of West Bengal on the subject of security arrangements for the upcoming Panchayat polls in the State. Representatives of the Trinamool Congress (TMC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), Congress, and other political parties, met State Election Commissioner A.K. Singh. While representatives of the ruling Trinamool Congress refused to comment on the matter, BJP and CPI(M) leaders who attended the meeting expressed concern. “Armed forces are needed in every polling booth,” Jayprakash Majumder, State BJP vice president, who was part of the BJP delegation meeting the SEC, said. The West Bengal government, which has sought additional forces from other States, has assured that adequate forces will be available for holding the polls on a single day on May 14.
Students continue to protest against alleged errors and irregularities in the published results of +3 second semester examinations conducted by Odisha’s Berhampur University.Activists of the All-India Democratic Students’ Organisation (AIDSO) held a protest march in Berhampur on Tuesday. They also held a demonstration in front of the office of the Revenue Divisional Commissioner, Southern Division, and handed over a memorandum addressed to the State Minister for Higher Education.AIDSO State vice-president Somanath Behera said although the results for this semester examination were declared almost a year after the examinations, they were full of errors. As per the organisation, Berhampur University has not yet declared the results of third and fourth semester examinations of these students of its +3 degree courses.“Students of final year are now preparing for their fifth semester examinations and they will have to appear for the sixth semester examinations at the end of the current academic year. Delayed and erroneous results will add to the woes of students who will have to clear back papers of previous semesters together,” said Mr. Behera.AIDSO activists said it was ironic that results of the second semester, which was part of first year of the degree course, were declared while the students had reached third year of their course. They also accused the university authorities of callousness.Agitating student leaders demanded that the correct results be published by August 2 with online display of corrected answer sheets. They also wanted results of all semester examinations of degree courses of the university to be declared within two months after the end of the examinations. Earlier this month, students of five affiliated colleges in Berhampur and its outskirts had resorted to demonstrations and dharna at their respective colleges. Agitating students had demanded re-publication of results. They had alleged that due to errors and irregularities, around 50% of students had failed in +3 second semester examinations and 80% of failed students had secured 0 to 10 marks.Activists of Biju Chhatra Janata Dal and ABVP have also extended support to the agitating students.
After beating and shaming a Hindu medical student in Meerut for being friends with a Muslim boy, the Uttar Pradesh police is once again under the scanner as a new video has emerged showing a group of men thrashing the Muslim youth in the presence of a policeman.In the video clip, which has gone viral on the social media, the Muslim youth is seen being cornered by a group of unidentified youth while a policeman questions him about his background. The alleged right-wing group members then kick and punch him. They are also heard threatening him with dire consequences.“Padhai kar raha hai ya love jihad kar raha hai…? Chun-chun ke marenge abhi…. [Are you here to study or for love jihad? We will eliminate you one by one],” says one of the men while others film the incident on their phones.DGP O.P Singh said it was “an act of gross imprudence” by few errant policemen. “Irresponsible and insensitive behaviour by U.P. cops will not be tolerated. A job of a policeman is to maintain the highest standards of probity which must be upheld at all times. Corrective action is being taken,” he said in a statement. Student manhandledThe female medical student has said she and the boy were at his house studying on Sunday when members of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad barged in and locked them in. They asked the girl to show her identity card and upon confirming that she was a Hindu, asked her how she expected to marry a Muslim boy, she said.In a video that surfaced on Tuesday, four constables were seen on camera beating the female medical student and making offensive communal remarks after the VHP activists handed her over to them. Case registeredThe erring constables, including a woman personnel, were suspended. Meerut Police said on Thursday said that a case had been registered at the Medical police station against 18 known and 25 unknown persons.
Two Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) militants were killed in an overnight encounter with security forces in Shopian district of Jammu and Kashmir, police said on Sunday.The security forces launched a cordon and search operation in Khudpora area on Saturday evening following information about presence of the militants there, a police official said.He said the search operation turned into an encounter after the militants opened fire towards the security forces, who retaliated.Two militants were killed in the encounter while two others managed to escape, he added.“A couple of terrorists managed to escape from the site as blood trails have been seen there,” he added.The slain militants have been identified as Mohammad Irfan Bhat and Shahid Mir. While Bhat had joined militant ranks last year, Mir was part of an arms case from 2004, a police spokesperosn said.“Incriminating material, including arms and ammunition, have been recovered from the encounter site. Police have registered a case and started investigations,” he said.